Posts Tagged ‘mobile phone’

Made in China - December 6th, 2013

115. Yasujiro Ozu + Kogo Noda: Tateshina Humidor

The Economist is featuring work by former LUCI grad student and current UCI Post-doc, Silvia Lindtner, about the DIY Maker movement in China. Notably another LUCI graduate, Sharon (Xianghua) Ding is at Fudan University now:

“Proximity to shanzhai manufacturers could make it easier for Chinese makers to turn prototypes into mass-produced products. At the same time, the maker community could boost innovation among shanzhai firms, which are in fact more inventive than is often assumed. Silvia Lindtner, an ethnographer at University of California, Irvine and Shanghai’s Fudan University, notes that shanzhai producers have long adapted mobile phones to the needs of people in the developing world. For example, unlike mainstream manufacturers, they championed mobile phones with dual SIM slots, ideal for Africa and India where users often switch networks to reduce costs.”

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Posted: 12/6/13 7:01 pm PDT by Add Your Comment
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Mobile ICTs as Ordinary Technologies: Stories and Experiences - January 18th, 2013

The dilemma of the smartphone

Congratulations to Informatics grad student, Ellie Harmon on passing her advancement to candidacy, with her work entitled, “Mobile ICTs as Ordinary Technologies: Stories and Experiences”.

“Though smartphones are increasingly commonplace and seemingly ordinary objects for many Americans, concerns about their recent and rapid proliferation abound. Far from the promises of UbiComp visionaries, even as smartphones become pervasive, they fail to fade away as invisible or unremarkable technologies. Instead, as noted by Paul Dourish & Gennevieve Bell, the ubiquitous computing of the present is “messy” and “contested” [Dourish & Bell 2011]. Mimi Ito and Daisuke Okabe have pointed to the emergence of new “technosocial situations” alongside the integration of mobile phones into social life, noting that new practices are simultaneously celebrated and criticized [Ito & Okabe 2005]. Heather Horst and Daniel Miller call out the “rapid” spread of cell phones, as well as the “dynamic” nature of the phenomenon as it shifts and evolves over the course of mere “days and months” [Horscht & Miller 2007].

It is this instability, and the unsettled nature of the smartphone experience that I explore in my research. I take a practice-based approach, asking how this device is used, integrated, and negotiated within the context of ordinary life. In this talk I will first present an analysis of the stories about the smartphone that circulate in popular media. I highlight two common tropes: one calling for increased technological integration, the other urging individuals to dis-integrate the smartphone from daily life. I examine the idealized subject positions of these two tropes and show how both simplistic stories call on the same overarching values to compel opposing individual actions. I then reflect on the conflicts experienced by individuals when they try to align and account for their own actions in relation to these multiple contradictory narratives. In the second half of the talk I present a more open-ended discussion of my ongoing and future fieldwork with families in southern California and hikers on the Pacific Crest Trail. Building from the stories identified in the media analysis, my fieldwork examines the shifting experiences of subjectivity, self & society, and time & place in the context of individual engagements with personal mobile ICTs.”

Committee: Melissa Mazmanian (chair), Kavita Philip, Paul Dourish, Bill Maurer, Geof Bowker

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Posted: 1/18/13 8:07 pm PDT by Comments Off
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Avoiding the trap of constant connectivity - September 27th, 2012

Moleskins and Pens

Photo courtesy of paulworthington

Congratulations to LUCI Prof. Melissa Mazmanian on having her paper titled, “Avoiding the trap of constant connectivity: When congruent frames allow for heterogeneous practices” accepted for publication to the prestigious journal of the Academy of Management.

What happens when an organization provides employees a technology that enables constant connectivity to email? How and why do some groups manage the potential for connectivity in a way that increases flexibility on the job and personal ‘free’ time, while others create expectations of expanded accessibility to work? A three-year qualitative study of the enactment of mobile email devices in a footwear manufacturer provides empirical grounding to address these questions. Focusing on the experience of two occupational functions, this research argues that congruent frames of heterogeneous communication practices enabled one group to develop communication norms that circumvented the trap of constant connectivity, while assumptions of homogeneous communication practices in the other group led to expanded accessibility and erosion of personal time. This study examines how such alternate trajectories of use emerged and discusses the key dimensions of difference between groups – identity, materiality, vulnerability and visibility – that help account for these differences. In introducing the distinction between homogeneous and heterogeneous trajectories of use, and explicating how such trajectories emerge, this paper offers several theoretical insights: it suggests that there is a distinction between the congruence of technological frames of reference and the content of these frames; it provides an explanation for why groups might enact mobile communication technologies in a manner that does not lead to constant connectivity; and it highlights how shared assumptions of heterogeneity relate to systems of social control.

-[citation: Academy of Management Journal]

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Posted: 9/27/12 3:00 pm PDT by Comments Off
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Supporting the Transition from Hospital to Home for Premature Infants… - May 23rd, 2011

Moleskins and Pens

Photo courtesy of paulworthington

Congratulations to Informatics faculty members Gillian Hayes and Don Patterson, their collaborator Mohan Singh (in Ireland!), and UCI medical school faculty, students and staff, Dan Cooper, Dana Gravem and Julia Rich on having their paper,
‘Supporting the Transition from Hospital to Home for Premature Infants Using Integrated Mobile Computing and Sensor Support’ accepted to Personal and Ubiquitous Computing (Springer journal).

Abstract: This paper reports on the requirements for, design of, and preliminary evaluation of a novel pervasive healthcare system for supporting the care of premature infants as they transition from hospital to home. In support of this system, we report the results of gesture sensing in a clinical setting and of interviews and focus groups with caregivers and clinicians who are involved in the post natal transition to the home. From these results, we developed prototype systems for monitoring and tracking observations of behavioral and health-related data in the home, including both a mobile-phone based capture and access system for caregivers, a sensing platform and an activity-recognition algorithm for automatically documenting infant movement. We describe the results of preliminary trials of both systems with an emphasis on the synergistic importance of bridging this transition. The results of these trials indicate that clinically relevant monitoring can be accomplished in the home, but there is still more to do to integrate these approaches into a comprehensive monitoring system for this population.

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Posted: 5/23/11 9:00 am PDT by Comments Off
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LUCI is doing: Negotiating Mobile Connectivity - May 3rd, 2011

Negotiating Mobile Connectivity

Negotiating Mobile Connectivity

What has LUCI been up to recently?

Negotiating Mobile Connectivity

Users of smartphones, slates, and laptops are continually confronted with the necessity of negoti- ating when, where, and how they will communicate with others. In this collaborative ethnographic project, we are studying how mobile communication technologies are actually integrated in day-to-day life. Workplace observations and reflective interviews with employees and their spouses will shed light on how individuals negotiate multiple communication demands during ‘work’ time, and whether they perceive ‘work’ as intruding into their personal time through their use of mobile devices. Following this workplace study, in-home observations and interviews with both parents and children will help us understand how people manage connectivity and accessibility during ‘personal’ time.

More info

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Posted: 5/3/11 10:00 am PDT by Comments Off
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T-Mobile Product Roadmap Roadshow - April 28th, 2011

T-Mobile came by the LUCI lab and Donald Bren Hall and gave a product roadmap presentation for the campus today.
We started with some research presentations:

  1. André van der Hoek talked about using tablets in the classroom and meeting room for creative/design work
  2. Chen Li talked about intelligent mobile search
  3. Steve Voida talked about studying multi-tasking office work instrumented with sensors to understand how work is done throughout the week
  4. Alfred Kobdsa talked about studies of usability of personal navigation devices
  5. Karen Cheng talked about mobile technology for health with high vulnerability low resource populations.
  6. Bill Maurer talked about mobile finance in the developing world

Then T-Mobile, via Kimberly Back, gave us a glimpse of what T-Mobile is up to and what is coming down their product pipeline:

  1. They are currently owned by Deutsche Telekom
  2. Currently T-Mobile has deployed HSPA+ (“21Mbps theoretical” 4G) which is 6-8 Mbps down, 2Mbps up.  Covers 200 million people.
  3. In June SoCal is getting upgraded to HSPA+ (“42Mbps theoretical” 4G) 10-12 Mbps download (on the street, not theoretical), 2Mbps upload.
  4. Those are just speeds from phone to the tower however…
  5. Traditionally telecoms use T1 connections (x6) from tower out…
  6. 90% of T-Mobiles have direct Ethernet out now.  T-Mobile is 12-18 months ahead of AT&T. This is why AT&T wants to buy them.  This is the source of the iPhone speed troubles everything after the tower…
  7. T-Mobile has Wi-Fi based calling for voice (not just data) using standard protocols.  It creates a secure tunnel to T-Mobile data center over Wi-Fi where it is connected to normal phone network.  This works internationally free of charge.
  8. U.S. Market share in 2010: 26% Android, 28% Apple, 25% RIM, 20% other. Android is growing much faster in new purchases, however.
  9. Nokia Astound is coming out with “one of the bigger banks in America” with Near-Field Communications later in the year
  10. 3 new Blackberries coming out, one with Near-Field communications in July.
  11. New 4G Mobile Hotspot came out last week that connects to the HSPA+ 21 network.
  12. Samsung Galaxy was the first tablet device that came out from T-Mobile with Android, but runs Android 2.2 and is falling behind.
  13. Dell Streak is also an existing device running Android 2.2 and is upgradeable to Android Honeycomb because it has a dual-core processor.
  14. A nice slide on tablet comparisons that they are going to forward to us.
  15. They have a tablet that records in 3-D !.  Not even sure what to make of that.
  16. If T-Mobile doesn’t carry it and it takes a SIM card, they can get it through Business Partner Sales.
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Posted: 4/28/11 8:05 pm PDT by Comments Off
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UCI: “Rethinking Reachability” - April 13th, 2011

Melissa Mazmanian

Melissa Mazmanian, who has a Ph.D. in organization studies from the MIT Sloan School of Management, says her recent acquisition of a smart phone was life-changing. “I check emails far more than I used to,” she says, “and probably far more than I need to.”

Melissa Mazmanian, an informatics assistant professor at the Donald Bren School of Information & Computer Sciences; informatics doctoral student Ellie Harmon; and Christine Beckman, associate professor at the Paul Merage School of Business, will initially study two Orange County families and their relationships with their BlackBerrys, iPhones and similar devices. They expect to study 12 families over a two-year period.

“A lot of the conversations about new technologies focus on how to make them better and faster, but it’s equally important for us to think deeply about the implications of being connected all the time,” says Mazmanian.

The full article is available from the UCI communications website here.
Next we know Melissa will be giving a TED Talk.

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Posted: 4/13/11 3:47 pm PDT by Comments Off
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Android Roadmap Event - March 11th, 2011

Please join the LUCI Lab and STAR at an Android Roadmap Event on April 28 at 12PM in Donald Bren Hall Room 6011.

Please join us for a lunch and presentation from T-Mobile on the devices coming out in the next year. Additionally, hear from UCI researchers doing mobile research. Lunch will be served and there may be a chance to win T-Mobile Android phone bettings and tablets!

Register here:

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Posted: 3/11/11 8:05 pm PDT by Comments Off
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LUCI members get many papers accepted by CHI 2011 - January 27th, 2011

Moleskins and Pens

Photo courtesy of paulworthington

The LUCI lab has had several papers accepted to CHI 2011. The list of accepted works was just released and includes the following by students, researchers, and faculty:

Full Papers:

Situating the Concern for Information Privacy through an Empirical Study of Responses to Video Recording by David Nguyen (LUCI Ph.D.), Aurora Bedford and Alex Bretana (Informatics undergrads) and Gillian R. Hayes (LUCI faculty)

Unpacking Exam-Room Computing: Negotiating Computer-Use in Patient-Physician Interactions by Yunan Chen (LUCI faculty), Victor Ngo and Sidney Harrison (Informatics Masters students) and Victoria Duong (UCI undergrad).

Comparing Activity Theory with Distributed Cognition for Video Analysis: Beyond “Kicking the Tires.” by Eric Baumer (former LUCI post-doc) and Bill Tomlinson (LUCI faculty)

Infrastructures for low-cost laptop use in Mexican schools
Ruy Cervantes (Informatics Ph.D.), Mark Warschauer (Ed. Dept.), Bonnie Nardi (LUCI Faculty), and Nithya Sambasivan (Informatics Ph.D.)

Designing a Phone Broadcasting System for Urban Sex Workers in India
Nithya Sambasivan (Informatics Ph.D.) and Ed Cutrell (Microsoft)

Classroom-Based Assistive Technology: Collective Use of Interactive Visual Schedules by Students with Autism
Meg Cramer (LUCI Ph.D.), Sen Hirano (LUCI M.S.), Monica Tentori (UABC), Michael Yeganyan (LUCI M.S.), and Gillian R. Hayes (LUCI Faculty)

Homebrew Databases: Complexities of Everyday Information Management in Nonprofit Organizations
Amy Voida (Informatics PostDoc), Ellie Harmon (LUCI Ph.D.), Ban Al-Ani (Informatics Faculty)

Why Do I Keep Interrupting Myself?: Environment, Habit and Self-Interruption
Laura Dabbish (CMU), Gloria Mark (Informatics Faculty), Victor Gonzalez, (ITAM)

Refraining from Technological Intervention by by Eric Baumer (former LUCI post-doc) and Six Silberman (former LUCI Ph.D. Student)

Alex, Aurora, Bill, David, Eric, Gillian, Sidney, Six, Victor, Yunan, Ruy, Bonnie, Nithya, Meg, Sen, Monica, Michael, Amy, Ellie, Ban, and Gloria!

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Posted: 1/27/11 7:36 pm PDT by Add Your Comment
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The Ubiquitous Computing Revolution is Here | Tech News Daily - December 15th, 2010

Ubicomp according to TechNewsDaily

Ubicomp according to TechNewsDaily

LUCI gets some love from Tech News Daily.

The first implication of computers essentially being everywhere, and in everything, is that “a computer,” defined as a device separate from other electrical appliances by virtue of its digital capabilities, will cease to exist as a concept.

“[Ubiquitous computing] is a world where computers are all around us, but we don’t realize they’re there. It’s a conceptual jump,” said Donald Patterson, director of the Laboratory for Ubiquitous Computing and Interaction at the University of California, Irvine. “You’ll know you’ll have your phone with you, and you’ll know you’ll be in your car, but you won’t think about all the different computers that make those things work. To you, it just feels like you’re using your phone or driving your car. If ubiquitous computing is successful, you won’t even realize it’s happening.”

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Posted: 12/15/10 11:49 pm PDT by Comments Off
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